Caraz Dental Mission Overview 2008

A joint mission was conducted with Mision Vida Peru on May 1-2, 2008, to improve the quality of oral health care of the town of Caraz through lectures and oral hygiene instruction, fluoride applications to patients with high to medium stomatological risk, and dental extractions in the appropriate cases.  The city of Caraz, the capital of the Huaylas Provence, is located 72 kilometers north of Huaraz, at the foothills of San Juan at 2,250 meters above sea level. This campaign was conducted at Colegio Nacional 2 de Mayo and Virgen del Carmen Market. Participants included students, teachers of Colegio 2 de Mayo, firefighters, and the community at large.

The following are the results of the Caraz Mission:

 Services Rendered Colegio Nacional 2 de Mayo Virgen del Carmen Market Total Patients Seen
 Fluoride application 115 65 180
 Dental extractions 7 47  54
 Oral Hygiene Instruction 150 ----  150
 Toothbrushes 90 30 120
 Total 362 142 504

 

 

V. Conclusions and Recommendations 

In Caraz, we found a low rate of dental caries among the residents due to the high concentration of fluoride in the city’s drinking water. This excess of fluoride, however, produces a dental fluorosis which manifests itself as small opaque or mottled areas in the enamel in a minor stage, and brown coloration and the presence of individual or cofluent pits of hypocalcification of the enamel in the severest stage. 

This alteration of fluoride concentration in water is corroborated by the data obtained in the study of Gerson Paredes Cox, (Prevalencia de fluorosis dental en el Perú, UNMSM - MINSA en el Primer Congreso de Internacional de Científicos Peruanos -2003), in which it demonstrates that the department of Áncash (47.4%) has the biggest fluoride exposure in Peru followed by Huánuco (46.2%) and Junín (44.6%). The prevalence is higher in rural areas where fluoride concentration in drinking water is greater than 1 part per million. 

For this reason, the whitish discoloration in enamel produced by mild dental fluorosis in most patients was noted. On the other hand, a high rate of gingivitis and periodontal disease was found as well as malocclusion (misalignment of teeth) and caries, which causes premature loss of teeth. These diseases are a result because of a lack of basic understanding and knowledge of oral hygiene.

 

Participants:

 

Rocío Robles Morán, Dental Assistant
Dr. Gersom León E.,
Emilio Ramírez C., Dental Assistant
Dr. José Velásquez S.
Dr. Juan Carlos Lugo P.
Rocío Coronel M., Dental Educator

 

 

caraz-dental-mission

 

Aknowledgements:

For this mission, we collaborated with Dr. Kelly Suárez and the staff from San José dental clinic, who supported our efforts, community outreach, and oral hygiene instruction.

It is important to highlight that all the mission team members are graduate dentists from Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University. These participants frequently work for the Peruvian community through different campaigns such as Misión Vida Perú and the Peruvian American Dental Association (PADA), which are institutions that coordinate social services for the benefit of the most underserved communities in Peru.

We would also like to acknowledge Milkdent, who provided much of the supplies needed for the mission. As well as to José Ñaupari, Social Dentistry Coordinator of the Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University, who provided logistical support, and to Dr. Andrés Córdova, who provided guidance to the mission team.

Lastly, the mission team received tremendous support from the Provincial Municipality of Huaylas – Caraz and Mayor Fidel Broncano Vásquez – whom we admire for the work he does for his community.